In 2011 the dacha gardens of Russia produced 40% of the nation's food.

How to make money at dacha. Make a dash for a dacha | Money | The Guardian

This page is a part of my Moscow Life project, collection of illustrated stories from Moscow available online since Dacha - what does it mean for a Russian? In the city, snow is already gone. Watching bright sunshine of coming spring and wet bare soil of the lawns, many dwellers of Russian cities and smaller towns begin to prepare for the new dacha season Oh, dacha! The part of lifestyle, favorite hobby for many tens of millions; more than just hobby, almost occupation for millions, recreation and country-wide vegetable and friut garden.

In the country where so many people consider themselves poor and are so considered by foreigners, there are tens of millions of landowners, and the patches of their land are usually not all that small. Let's open the door in the fence and enter the dacha land This is what you see coming to the small gate to our dacha.

The dacha: Where Russians disappear to in summer

Dacha house is one of 60 that form the small dacha village with three streets located between the small forest and a large field 10 miles from Moscow city limit The house itself is small and does not look impressive. But it's cozy. It sits in the middle of well tended garden. Masha's Mom takes care of the plants In the Soviet time, one of the most important duties of trade unions was to obtain the land for the dachas and distribute it among the members of the bitcoin payments. Since everyone then was a member of one or another trade union, everyone had a chance to get the land Of course there were differences.

Of course there were very special dachas for party functionaries.

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Small luxury palaces rather than dachas for very few. But here we will tell you about regular dachas, those that were given to people to let them grow food. Collective farms were unable to produce enough, and the money for importing food was sufficient to only buy the grain.

Dacha gardeners feeding the Russian nation

The result was an official policy saying that citizens of then USSR were supposed to grow a lot themselves. Dachas were formed as cooperatives supervised by trade unions and the by-laws of these cooperatives were strict enough. First of all, the land technically of course did not belong to the members of those cooperatives, all land was state federal property at those times. It was leased to trade unions and could not be sold.

Dacha - what does it mean for a Russian?

Another serious restriction was that the usage of this land had to be limited to growing things. One simply could not make a lawn on his or her land and enjoy the grass That would be illegal and immediately would result in kicking the person out from the dacha cooperative and replacing him with a more devoted "weekend farmer".

Not more than one dacha per family was allowed. The typical size of land given by the state to a family varied from 4 to binary option live chart "sotok", 6 and 8 being the most common not surprising, now a popular newspaper for dacha owners is titled "6 Sotok" and everyone perfectly understands what do they mean by that.

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You may have already read our February story about Katyaan artist and kayaker. Her dacha with its wall made of glass looks slightly unusual among the snows of Russian winter. Other dacha houses are seen in the background. And traditionally most of the dachas were distributed by the trade union organizations at the major industrial enterprises. Therefore in many cities the figures are even higher. Majority of dacha owners were workers, according to the party policy.

We are not saying how to make money at dacha other social groups were not allowed to have how to make money at dacha. It's just important to realize that there was nothing elitarian about an average dacha and almost every family could easily get it if at least one family member was working for 5 or 10 years at the same factory or plant.

But enough of dry facts Let us add some emotions to that long technical introduction to the concept of dacha. One of the key concepts of Russian life in both Soviet and post-Soviet times. What does it mean for a Muscovite? It is a resort and a slavemaster. It is a pleasure and a disaster It's a community, it's a lifestyle Muscovites are divided into those who already have dachas and those who do not but do want.

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Even those who say that they do not want to have it Somewhere in the "attics" of their minds But they are not brave enough to say to themselves: yes, we really want to have a dacha But they always silently regret about it So what is the dacha? It is very easy to explain.

Employees at Financially Reeling Dacha Say Automatic ‘Gratuity’ Charges Go to Owners

It is just a cabin. How to make money at dacha a shack. But it is very difficult to understand that it is not just a cabin and much more than a shack for most of the people. This is the place to escape from the rash and the problems of a big city.

This is the place where the kids are growing up like a grass Marina and her summer gang Dacha never stands alone. Dacha cooperative is a community. This is the place where the retired people find the hobby of their life: orchards, gardens, farming.

Employees at Financially Reeling Dacha Say Automatic ‘Gratuity’ Charges Go to Owners - Eater DC

This is the place where the working people are coming during the weekends to take a breath how to make money at dacha fresh air, to have some physical labor - digging, weeding, watering plants And the place to hunt for wild binary option strategy border and mushrooms in the forests.

Dacha is the way to live closer to all these natural things how to make money at dacha those who cannot afford or do not want the travels. Masha stands in a small greenhouse at the dacha offering a mug of fresh milk just brought from the nearby village.

Dacha is the best place for BBQ parties called "shashlyk" parties heresamovar tea parties, singing songs with guitar, swimming in the rivers or lakes, taking sun baths, biking, hanging around for teenagers. Andrey likes to roast shashlyk and knows how to do it. Here he is making the delicious meat at the party at Katya's dacha. Katya and two her daughters are watching the process, together with Marina.

And here is the preparation of an ancient Russian device for boiling water, a samovar At our dacha we prefer to drink tea sitting around the samovar. The place inspiring the artists and writers A source of naturally grown fruits and vegetables for virtually everyone. A place with a different pace and priorities. How much is a metric tons of manure at the nearby farm? What is the best way to protect your cucumbers from the morning dew?

These are vital topics, discussed by an academician and a janitor as equals when they meet in the street of a dacha village Three physicists and one chemist proudly demonstrate zucchinies We two have PhDs in plasma physics, Masha's Dad is a full professor at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and a prominent scientist working in the most arcane realms of theoretical physics.

Masha's Mom is now retired but before her field of work was chemistry. Don't we look like a great professional research team?

Russians make a dash for the dacha during coronavirus lockdowns | Reuters

Usually dacha starts with an empty patch of land. It is typical that the land is either a waste-land or just very poor soil - sand or clay, and state farms do not care about it much anyway.

The people who start the dacha settlement usually organize cooperatives, as we have already said. There how to make money at dacha technically two types of the dacha cooperatives: the agricultural, the members of which are supposed to develop the land and grow the vegetables and fruit trees and berries, and just a dacha cooperative, the members of which are not obliged to develop their land and are allowed to have only flowers and lawns if they wish or maybe weeds if they like And anyway "pure dachas", dachas for rest only are very rare.

So it is a resort and a farm - a place to rest and a place to work. But of course we grow not only vegetables, but beautiful flowers too. Dacha is not unreasonably functional and there is always a place or two or three for nice flowerbeds. And at the time of harvest there are wonderful things to enjoy From fresh garlic to a very useful "Siberian pineapple", oblepikha, that now is very common at the dacha gardens all over Russia Masha and her Dad are collecting oblepikha berries By the way, this place does not meet in most cases traditional Western standards of comfort.

There are no telephones, no hot water except that you boil on the gas stoveat the dacha people use outhouses and makeshift showers instead of city-style bathrooms.

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Dachas are in the countryside and follow the ways of Russian villages. This is the place where city kids enjoy running in the fields and adults have an opportunity for long bicycle rides on the country roads merrily winding through the cornfields. Most of dacha owners do not have cars. So Friday evening and Saturday morning is a rush how to make money at dacha for buses and local trains that carry millions literally - millions!

Dacha expanded from a once-scrappy beer garden in Shaw to the massive Navy Yard complex in May. Washingtonian kept the names of workers anonymous to protect their identities. Using service charges is a legal practice, but Dacha employees told Washingtonian the owners promised a robust hourly wage plus tips.

Trains are packed with people of all ages and walks of life carrying bags and backpacks and small carts with the gear necessary at the dacha. Friday evening on a Moscow railway binary options math. Time to go to the dacha Moscow and other cities are deserted during summer weekends, so many people leave the heat and smog to visit their dachas.

Retired people usually move to the dacha for the entire season, and dacha season in Central Russia begins in May and lasts until October. But already in February when it is still frost and snow outside, the dacha fanatics start to grow seedlings of tomatoes and other vegetables to be replanted into the dacha greenhouses later, in early May when it is warm enough and there is no threat of night frosts.

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The last decade of April if it's warm enough is the beginning of the active farming at the dacha. In fact the advises what to do on the land the farmers are getting throughout all year. Almost every newspaper or magazine if they want to be popular have to publish a special section with the season advises for the farmers.

Make a dash for a dacha

For instance, now it is time to water the black currant bushes with the hot water though it is still snow and shape the apple trees and many other things to do. Okay guys! We've been talking for a while, and now it's time to go and to start doing some digging Oh, this weekend farming :- Andrey and Masha asebrant online.

This story was written inas you know. Two years later, in July ofI wrote part two of this dacha essay. If you are interetsed to learn about changes in Russian dacha - read "Dacha revisited".