Over-the-counter (finance)

What is over- the- counter options

Over-the-Counter Derivative

An over the counter OTC derivative is a financial contract that does not trade on an asset exchange, and which can be tailored to each party's needs.

A derivative is a security with a price that is dependent upon or derived from one or more underlying assets. The most common underlying assets include stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, interest rates, and market indexes. Depending on where derivatives trade, they can be classified as over-the-counter or exchange-traded listed.

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Key What is over- the- counter options An over the counter OTC derivative is a financial contract that is arranged between two counterparties but with minimal intermediation or regulation. OTC derivatives do not have standardized terms and they are not listed on an asset exchange.

2. Over the Counter Options – An Overview

As an example, a forward and a futures contract both can represent the same underlying, but the former is OTC while the latter is exchange-traded. How Over the Counter Derivatives Work Over the counter derivatives are private financial contracts established between two or more counterparties.

What is OTCEI ? Over the Counter Exchange of India Explained in Detail

In contrast, listed derivatives trade on exchanges and are more structured and standardized contracts in which the underlying assets, the quantity of the underlying assets and settlement are specified by the exchange and subject to greater regulation.

Over the counter derivatives are instead private contracts that are negotiated between counterparties without going through an exchange or other type of formal intermediaries, although a broker may help arrange the trade.

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Therefore, over the counter derivatives could be negotiated and customized to suit the exact risk and return needed by each party. Although this type of derivative offers flexibility, it poses credit risk because there is no clearing corporation.

Examples of OTC derivatives include forwardsswapsand exotic optionsamong others.

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Example: Forwards vs. A forward contract, though, is an arrangement made over the counterbetween two counterparties that negotitate and arrive on the exact terms of the contract - such as its expiration date, how many units of the underlying asset are represented in the contract, and what exactly the underlying asset to be delivered is, among other factors. Forwards settle just once at the end of the contract.

Futures, on the other hand, are standardized contracts with fixed maturity dates and uniform underlyings. These are traded on exchanges and settled on a daily basis Example: Swaptions As another example, a swaption is a type of over the counter derivative that is not traded through exchanges.

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However, the holder of the swaption is not obligated to enter into the underlying swap. There are two types of swaptions: a payer and a receiver.

Over-the-Counter Option

A payer swaption gives the owner the right to enter into a specified swap where the owner pays the fixed leg and receives the floating leg. A receiver swaption gives the owner the right to enter into a swap in which he receives the fixed leg and pays the floating leg. The buyers and sellers of this over-the-counter derivative negotiate the price what is over- the- counter options the swaption, the length of the swaption period, the fixed interest rate, and the frequency at which the floating interest rate is observed.

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